Blog > What Are EV Cables and How Do They Work?

With the rising popularity of electric vehicles (EV) in India, there has been an upsurge in the demand for charging equipment too. EV charging cables are halogen-free cables that offer a safe and reliable way of charging enabling greater EV adoption. Read on to learn more about what are EV cables and how they work to keep your vehicle performance at its best.

What are EV cables?

EV cables connect the vehicle battery to the charging points to charge the battery for long distances. These cables enable vehicle owners to keep their vehicles charged at home, workplace or on the go. While a majority of the households use Domestic H05BZ5-F Cables, 16 to 32 Amps (3.6kW to 7.2kW) Single Phase cables are used for commercial purposes.

How does EV cable work?

As you can charge your EV vehicle in different areas viz. charging stations, homes and workplaces, various charging points offer various levels of electricity. They can be broadly categorized into three types:

  • Mode 2 charging cable: Commonly found in households, they provide a slow charging process and can generate a maximum power of 2.3 kW.
  • Mode 3 charging cable: These types of chargers are found in residential complexes, public parking zones and various commercial locations. They deliver a supply between 3.4 kW to 22 kW and are paired with intelligent functionalities and safety features.
  • Mode 4 or CD fast charging cable: These EV cables provide quick charging during long-distance travel and road trips. They deliver the fastest charging with substantial power in no time.

EV charging process involves various steps including:

Step 1: Connect the EV cable to the vehicle’s charging port.
Step 2: A compatibility check is done between the vehicle and the charging station for charging authorization.
Step 3: Once checked, the charging point supplies the required voltage and current to the vehicle. The station converts the alternating current from the power source to the direct current in the vehicle’s battery.
Step 4: Charging systems monitor the charging process avoiding overcharging or overheating of the vehicle battery for safety purposes.
Step 5: As the battery reaches its optimum capacity, the charging process ends. At some charging stations, the power is automatically cut off as the battery gets fully charged.

Given global warming and climate change, EV cables are a sustainable power option enabling lower carbon emissions and a sustainable lifestyle. According to a survey, India has sold 21 lakhs EVs to date and this figure is going to rise by 94.4% by 2030. At Qflx, we offer a variety of EV charging cables and plugs to smoothen your charging process. Our proficient team ensures that our EV cables enhance the charging speed, efficiency, and overall charging experience of your EV.